Skin care is a personal thing. What’s good for one person might be disastrous for the next, so it’s important to know which skin type you have before trying any new products.
The first step in taking care of your skin is figuring out what type you have!
There are four main types of skin: dry, oily, combination and sensitive.
Dry skin can be dehydrated and less elastic. Certain natural oils are selectively lost from its surface, so dry skin needs more oil. The top layer of skin is thicker than oily or combination skin. There are a few ways to give your dry skin some love:
If you have extremely dry skin, use a gentle cleanser that includes moisturizing ingredients like glycerin, sorbitol, betaine, and urea.
Avoid using soap on your already-dry skin– slather it with rich, thick moisturizer instead! Make sure to drink enough water (aim for at least 8 cups of water per day) to help keep your body hydrated.
Finally, try using products with oil as the main ingredient.
Oily skin produces more oil than the other types of skin and is often accompanied by enlarged pores, clogged with sebum or dead cells that refuse to be washed away (dirt).
To take care of your oily complexion, use a gentle exfoliator in addition to soap daily. You can also try using anti-acne products containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid– they’re strong enough to break down and remove excess oils without drying out healthy tissue.
Combination skin has areas which are dry while others are oily; combination skin might experience acne on occasion as well as some spots around hair follicles such as blackheads and whiteheads. Take care of it just like you would oily skin.
Sensitive skin is the most fragile type of complexion and can be easily irritated by many different things, including stress or even some soaps. Avoid using any products containing fragrances, alcohols, fragrance-free detergents (for laundry soap), scented candles– you get the picture!
Instead try to use gentle cleansers that are also designed for sensitive skin like those with glycerin, lanolin and oatmeal as ingredients. Gentle enough to cleanse without stripping your face’s natural oils but still moisturizing enough to soften it up a little bit on top of everything else.
Besides being kinder to your sensitive skin in general, these types of products may have other benefits too: they are less likely to cause any unnecessary redness, irritation and inflammation which is a good thing if you’re having a breakout.